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Water1 of
Lucasville, Ohio

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Treament Process
Well Field
The first step of the treatment process is to have a good source of water. Our water is supplied by nine wells approximately fifty feet deep. They draw water from the Teays Valley Aquifer near the Scioto River. We have different types of pumps and motors, but all wells are monitored continuously by our operators using our telemetry system.
Clarification and Softening
The second step of the treatment process is clarification and softening. This is achieved in our plant by the use of lime, poly, and solid contact clarifiers. The chemicals are used to help unwanted particulate matter in the raw water to stick together, which forms flock. The flock then settles to the bottom of each clarifier and is pumped out. This process also softens the water. Excessive hardness in water can cause material buildup on the interior of pumps, pipes, fixtures, etc. Hardness also inhibits the cleaning action of soaps, and shortens the life of fabrics. The two elements that form hardness are calcium and magnesium. They are both removed or reduced by this process.
When water leaves the Clarifiers it is very unstable due to the softening process. If water was not recarbonated, it would form deposits of calcium carbonate in filters, pumps, pipes, fixtures, etc. To prevent buildup, the water flows through the recarbonation basin. Here CO2 is forced through the water to lower the pH and convert bi-carbonates to carbonates, which settle out in the basin or are removed in the filtering process.
Chlorine is added to the water to kill any unwanted organisms.
The water then flows through one of nine rapid sand filters, which contain a series of different types of media that remove any bacteria, viruses, lime, particulate matter, etc., that have not already been removed by prior processes.
The last step in the treatment process is fluoridation. From extensive research it has been established that approximately one part of fluoride per one million parts of water prevents up to 60 percent of the tooth decay that would ordinarily occur. Fluoride benefits the teeth that have erupted as well as those developing in the jaws. Maximum protection against tooth decay is achieved when optimally fluoridated water is consumed from birth. Protection continues throughout life for persons who continue to live in fluoridated communties. from the National Institute of Dental Research
Our laboratory plays an important role in the production of good water. It is not only used to verify that the water produced is good, it is also used to make sure that each step in the treatment process is working effectively. The laboratory is state certified for both chemical and bacteria testing. We have eight employees that are state certified to run chemical testing, and three that are state certified to run bacteria testing. Having this lab allows our company to perform tests immediately, which allows us to quickly pass the results on to the consumers.

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